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African-Carmine cultivar information
agriculture definition


Its red colour develops late in the season – 1 to 2 weeks before harvest.

Registered cultivar name: African Red
Registered trademark name: African Carmine®
Fruit kind: Apple
Parentage: Golden Delicious and Dietrich Starking
Owner: ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij
Agent (South Africa): SAPO
Plant breeders’ rights: ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij

Tree Characteristics

Growth habit: Semi-upright
Bearing habit: Terminally and laterally on both spurs and shoots
Chilling requirement: Medium


Harvest date: Middle to end March
Production: Medium to good (55ton/ha)
Percentage pack-out: 70 – 75% of the tree
Full bloom date: Beginning of October
Pollinators: Simpson, Granny Smith, Winter Banana, Pink Lady, or Sundowner
Thinning: Thin to shingles for size and colour
Storage ability: Very good. Not prone to core rot. Prone to superficial scald. (Very similar to Red Delicious)

Fruit Characteristics

Size: Medium (150g/fruit average)
Shape: Flat-globose (Similar to Sundowner)
Colour: Full striped bright red
Taste and texture: Sweet, crisp, firm, juicy
Lenticels: Conspicuous
Stem length: Medium, not prone to early abscission

ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij: Prof. B Ndimba | Tel: 021 809 3002
Culdevco: Mishkaat Anderson | Tel: 021 888 8473

*= Plant Breeders Rights: ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij
**= Data obtained at Bien Donne, Simondium, Western Cape and is not necessarily representative of other areas.

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